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Socioeconomic Status & Preterm Birth Stats

Causes and Risk Factors - a quick look

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Although the cause of preterm birth is often unknown, expectant parents need not leave it purely to chance. There are a number of things a potential or expectant mother should and should NOT do, to limit the chances of preterm birth.


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Healthy mother, healthy baby

The cause/s of preterm birth may be due to a number of very different events or triggers. Although there are a lot of risks identified there are no good predictors of preterm birth. This section is intended to give you a guide and a better understanding of the risks, some of which are easier to avoid than others depending on your personal circumstances.
Preemie help is here to help you identify any factors you may be able to avoid.

 


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Socioeconomic Status & Preterm Birth Stats

Where you come from and what you do can play a significant role in the outcomes of your pregnancy. Socioeconomic Status (SES) as it is known can give us an insight into who is being affected by preterm birth and in what way.

Some researchers have reported substantial socioeconomic inequalities in the incidence of very preterm birth, particularly in countries with unequal access to health care, such as the United States, with nearly double the incidence in more deprived women compared with the least deprived. There have been substantial rises in the incidence of very preterm birth over the last 10 years, which have been attributed to increases in preterm birth in the lower socioeconomic brackets.

 

Below are statistics on socioeconomic status and preterm birth from around the world. This list will continue to grow, so if your country is not listed, please let us know you are interested in seeing them for your country, and we'll do our best to acquire the relevant information. 

Main areas covered in this article:


Preterm birth - SES statistics from Australia

In 2005, women who gave birth and were in the least disadvantaged quintile (5th Quintile) were older, less likely to be Indigenous, and less likely to smoke during pregnancy, compared with women in the other quintiles. Preterm birth and low birth weight were also less likely to have occured in the in the least disadvantaged quintile

 

Note:

1st Quintile = Most disadvantaged

5th Quintile = Least disadvantaged

Quintile of
Socioeconomic disadvantage
1st
Quintile
2nd
Quintile
3rd
Quintile
4th
Quintile
5th
Quintile
% Preterm Births 8.7% 8.4% 8.1% 8.0% 7.1%
% Low Birth Weight 7.2% 6.6% 6.4% 6.1% 5.6%
(Laws, 2007)

Preterm birth - SES statistics from the United Kingdom

Areas of high deprivation have high rates of neonatal and infant mortality. Women from deprived areas have an increased risk of delivering a baby very preterm (< 32 weeks’ gestation)

Note: the table below describes the incidence of very preterm birth in each SES quintile (1st quintile is the most deprived group).

Quintile of
Socioeconomic disadvantage
1st
Quintile
2nd
Quintile
3rd
Quintile
4th
Quintile
5th
Quintile
per 1000 births 18.1 16.0 13.1 11.7 9.5
(Smith, 2007)

 

 



AlbertEinstein_iconOne of the greatest minds in history, Albert Einstein was born preterm.

Help us help you!

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Preemiehelp.com is here to provide preemie information, community and solutions to the people that need it most... you!
Preemie Help is also looking to provide a resource for any professionals that have contact with preterm babies and children in order to help them best understand the challenges that face a preemie. Get in contact to help us impact preemies.

Preemie, Premmie, or Prem?

Most babies spend between 38 and 42 weeks in their mother’s uterus. So, technically a preterm birth, preemie, premmie, or prem, is an infant who is born less than 37 completed gestational weeks. 


Read More: Defining Preterm birth


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New Release - Preemie Development

All in one easy to read eguide

‘The complete preemie guide to: ‘Preemie development’ is the must have guide to the NICU for new preemie parents.

With an easy-to-read layout this comprehensive guide is over 130 pages of important information about the NICU and your preemie.

Using Adobe’s .pdf format makes the guide usable across a wide range of platforms from ipad to PC, smartphone to macbook.

Packed with extra features like progress charts, NICU checklists and plenty of others. ‘The preemie guide’ is a must for any new parents.


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