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Alcohol, Pregnancy, & Preterm Birth

Causes and Risk Factors - a quick look

quick look preemiehelp

Although the cause of preterm birth is often unknown, expectant parents need not leave it purely to chance. There are a number of things a potential or expectant mother should and should NOT do, to limit the chances of preterm birth.


Healthy mother, healthy baby

The cause/s of preterm birth may be due to a number of very different events or triggers. Although there are a lot of risks identified there are no good predictors of preterm birth. This section is intended to give you a guide and a better understanding of the risks, some of which are easier to avoid than others depending on your personal circumstances.
Preemie help is here to help you identify any factors you may be able to avoid.


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Alcohol, Pregnancy, & Preterm Birth

Alcohol Consumption, Pregnancy, & Preterm Birth

Alcohol Consumption, Pregnancy, & Preterm Birth  Read more about Alcohol, Pregnancy, & Preterm Birth by preemiehelp.com

Alcohol Consumption

Maternal alcohol consumption can have health consequences for both the mother and fetus, including fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). FASD describes a range of conditions linked to prenatal exposure to alcohol; however, effects on the baby vary widely and are difficult to predict and to diagnose. Alcohol consumption in large quantities has been associated with preterm birth and low birth weight (LBW).

(Kaminski, Rumeau, & Schwartz, 1978; Sokol et al., 2007}

In case you have a pregnant wife who continues to drink despite her delicate condition, you really need to learn how to help an alcoholic spouse before it’s too late.


Australian Stats

  • From 1995-1997 a random sample of all non-Aboriginal women giving birth in Western Australia was surveyed and of 4,839 women 80% of women consumed alcohol in the 3 months before pregnancy.

Non-Aboriginal Women (Western Australian survey)

  • More than half (59%) of women reported consuming alcohol during pregnancy
  • 15% drank in excess of the current Australian Alcohol Guideline for alcohol consumption in the first trimester of pregnancy
  • 10% drank in excess of the current Australian Alcohol Guideline for alcohol consumption in the second and third trimesters
(Colvin, Parsons, Kurinczuk, & Bower, 2007)

Aboriginal Women: 1995-1997

  • 44% reported that they drank alcohol during pregnancy
  • 22% reported that they had become intoxicated at least once during pregnancy
(Zubrick, Lawrence, Mitrou, Dalby, & Blair, 2005)
Alcohol and Pregnancy Project. Alcohol and Pregnancy: Health Professionals Making a Difference. Perth: Telethon Institute for Child Health Research; 2007.

Canadian Stats

  • 2000-2001: 12.2% of mothers reported drinking alcohol during pregnancy.
  • 2003: 12.4% of mothers reported drinking alcohol during pregnancy.
  • 2005: 10.5% of mothers reported drinking alcohol during pregnancy.

Alcohol Consumption: Pregnancy and Age

  • Reported alcohol use in pregnancy varied by age of the mother. Older mothers were generally more likely than younger mothers to report alcohol consumption. Estimates of alcohol consumption among women 15 to 19 years of age fluctuated considerably from 2000–2001 to 2003 to 2005.
Public Health Agency of Canada. Canadian Perinatal Health Report, 2008 Edition. Ottawa, 2008.

AlbertEinstein_iconOne of the greatest minds in history, Albert Einstein was born preterm.

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Preemiehelp.com is here to provide preemie information, community and solutions to the people that need it most... you!
Preemie Help is also looking to provide a resource for any professionals that have contact with preterm babies and children in order to help them best understand the challenges that face a preemie. Get in contact to help us impact preemies.

Preemie, Premmie, or Prem?

Most babies spend between 38 and 42 weeks in their mother’s uterus. So, technically a preterm birth, preemie, premmie, or prem, is an infant who is born less than 37 completed gestational weeks. 

Read More: Defining Preterm birth



New Release - Preemie Development

All in one easy to read eguide

‘The complete preemie guide to: ‘Preemie development’ is the must have guide to the NICU for new preemie parents.

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Packed with extra features like progress charts, NICU checklists and plenty of others. ‘The preemie guide’ is a must for any new parents.