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Gross & Fine Motor Development in the First 2 Years

Preemie Milestones - a quick look

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Preemie Milestones are important to know and understand. Keeping an eye on your preemies development and checking when they reach certain milestones can help you determine when a little help might be necessary.


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Preemie milestones can keep you both on track

When understanding preemie milestones is important to learn a little bit of information on the typical development of various skills, as well as some information about signs that may indicate problems with development. If your preemie is not meeting the milestones mentioned you may want to talk to your paediatrician about your preemie's development.


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Gross & Fine Motor Development in the First 2 Years

Keeping an eye on your preemie's development can help you determine when a little help might be necessary. To understand preemie developmental milestones we correct for prematurity when considering when "normal" milestones are reached.

It’s amazing how quickly babies grow and develop! The tables below highlight some important general developmental milestones. Although these tables give an average age at which milestones are achieved it is important to realise that even babies born at term achieve these milestones at varying ages. For preemies, you should always correct for their prematurity.

Gross and Fine Motor Development the First 2 Years

Gross motor development refers to the major actions and muscles that help infants move around in the environment, such as crawling, standing, and walking. Fine motor skills, on the other hand, refers to small movements and muscles, such as reaching and grasping. Have a look at the following information for typical development of these skills. You should talk to your paediatrician if you have any concerns about your preemie's development.

preterm infants & early motor development milestones

Motor Skill
in the First 2 Years
Average Age
Achieved
Age Range in Which 90 Percent
of Infants Achieve the Skill
When held upright, holds head erect and steady 6 weeks 3 weeks – 4 months
When on tummy:
  • pushes up on arms
  • Lifts and holds head up
2 months 3 weeks – 4 months
Rolls from side to back 2 months 3 weeks – 5 months
Grasps cube 3 months, 3weeks 2 – 7 months
Rolls from back to side 4½ months 2 – 7 months
Sits alone
While standing with support, accepts entire weight with legs
7 months 5 – 9 months
Crawls 7 months 5 – 11 months
Pulls to stand 8 months 5 – 12 months
Plays pat-a-cake 9 months, 3 weeks 7 – 15 months
Stands alone 11 months 9 -16 months
Walks alone 11 months, 3 weeks 9 – 17 months
Builds tower of two cubes 13 months, 3 weeks 10 – 19 months
Scribbles vigorously 14 months 10 – 21 months
Walks up stairs with help 16 months 12- 23 months
Jumps in place 23 months, 2 weeks 17 – 30 months
Walks on tiptoe 25 months 16 – 30 months
These milestones represent overall age trends. There are individual differences in the exact age at which each milestone is attained.(Bayley, 1969, 1993; Berk, 2008)

 

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AlbertEinstein_iconOne of the greatest minds in history, Albert Einstein was born preterm.

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Preemie, Premmie, or Prem?

Most babies spend between 38 and 42 weeks in their mother’s uterus. So, technically a preterm birth, preemie, premmie, or prem, is an infant who is born less than 37 completed gestational weeks. 


Read More: Defining Preterm birth


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New Release - Preemie Development

All in one easy to read eguide

‘The complete preemie guide to: ‘Preemie development’ is the must have guide to the NICU for new preemie parents.

With an easy-to-read layout this comprehensive guide is over 130 pages of important information about the NICU and your preemie.

Using Adobe’s .pdf format makes the guide usable across a wide range of platforms from ipad to PC, smartphone to macbook.

Packed with extra features like progress charts, NICU checklists and plenty of others. ‘The preemie guide’ is a must for any new parents.


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